Balance and mobility exercises consist of:
- Center-of-Gravity Control Training: learning to remain balanced and centered under different conditions, when sitting and standing and when moving.
- Multisensory Training: working with the three major sensory systems involved with balance – somatosensory (bodily sensations in the feet and joints), visual, and vestibular (the sense of balance centered in the inner ears). We can strengthen the use of these systems if they are weak or compensate for their loss if they are permanently absent.
- Postural Strategy Training: learning ways to reestablish your equilibrium when your balance is challenged.
- Gait Pattern Enhancement and Variation Training: practicing the various patterns of walking that are required in the community, such as walking on stairs or uneven ground.